Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal, translated as the Palace of the Winds, is Jaipur’s most distinctive landmark.

History of Hawa Mahal

Jaipur in India was built in 1799 for the Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, in order to allow the women of the royal household to see everyday life in the city below them whilst maintaining their modesty. This was necessary at the time as the women were required to observe a purdah – meaning to remain covered.

Constructed of fiery sandstone with an intricate façade that rises into a curve, Hawa Mahal is a striking structure, and has helped cement Jaipur’s reputation as the ‘Pink City’.

The building is a fusion of Rajput and Mughal architecture, mixing floral and lotus patterns, domed canopies, arches and delicate inlaid filigree work. One of the most prominent features of Hawa Mahal is its large lattice of 935 tiny windows. The interior of Hawa Mahal is far less ostentatious than the outside may imply and in fact some of the levels are very small indeed. Nevertheless, it is worth climbing to the top of the palace for the fantastic views of Jaipur.

The site underwent massive restoration in the early 21st century.

Hawa Mahal today

The palace is part of the composite Jaipur ticket: entrance is from the back of the complex and is relatively well hidden so keep an eye out. The narrow corridors behind the palace’s facade can get extremely crowded and some find them claustrophobic, especially in the heat.

There is also a small museum on site with relics from Hawa Mahal’s royal past which is worth visiting.

Getting to Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal is located in the heart of Old Jaipur, walking distance from other main sites. Entrance is the other side of the complex to the famous pink honeycomb.

Hawa Mahal

The renowned 'Palace Of The Winds', or Hawa Mahal, is one of the prominent tourist attractions in Jaipur city. Located in the heart of Jaipur, this beautiful five-storey palace was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who belonged to Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty. The main architect of this palace built of red and pink sandstone, is Lal Chand Ustad and the palace is believed to have been constructed in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu god. Considered as an embodiment of Rajputana architecture, the main highlight of Hawa Mahal is its pyramid shape and its 953 windows or 'Jharokhas' which are decorated with intricate designs. The main intention behind the construction of the Mahal was to facilitate the royal women and provide them a view of everyday life through the windows, as they never appeared in public. Read further to know more about Hawa Mahal, its history, architecture and its visiting hours.

It was in 1799 that the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler, Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who built Jaipur, constructed Hawa Mahal as a continuation of the Royal City Palace. Sawai Pratap Singh's devotion to Lord Krishna is evident in the palace's construction as it resembles the lord's crown. Though many reasons are cited behind the construction of the fort, Purdah system followed by the Rajputs is said to be one of the main causes. During those days, Rajput royal women did not appear in public or in front of strangers. However, they were keen to follow the day-to-day events and royal processions occurring on the streets. It is for their benefit that the Hawa Mahal was built, complete with small windows and screened balconies. This gave the women a sense of freedom, without appearing in public.

Hawa Mahal, designed as a beehive castle with small windows, has a height of 50 feet from its base. This structure, erected on a thin shield or podium approximately fifty feet high, has walls less than a foot thick. Constructed of red and pink sandstones by Lal Chand Ustad, Hawa Mahal is famous for its windows or 'Jharokhas' which enable free circulation of air within the structure. Its entrance is a door which leads to a spacious courtyard surrounded by two-storey buildings on three sides. Of the five storeys of the Mahal, the top three storeys have the thickness of a single room while the bottom storeys have courtyards. The interior of the Hawa Mahal is stark and plain with passages and pillars reaching to the top storey. The building does not have stairs to reach the upper floors the storeys are connected by slopes. From Hawa Mahal, you have an excellent view of the city. The monument also has an archeological museum.

Nearby Tourist Attractions
There are numerous attractions around Hawa Mahal such as the famed Jantar Mantar, Govind Devji temple, Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Ram Niwas Bagh, BM Birla Planetarium, Jain Temple, Statue Circle, Sisodia Rani Garden and so on.

Hawa Mahal, which is the quintessence of Rajput architecture, stands high in the heart of Jaipur city as a prominent attraction. Hope this article familiarizes you with Hawa Mahal and its historic significance.

Hawa Mahal - History

When was it built: 1799

Who built it: Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh

Where is it located: Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Why was it built: For the royal women to enjoy the events and festivals in the street.

Architectural Style: Blend of Hindu Rajput architecture and the Islamic Mughal architecture.

Visit Timing: Daily: 9:30 am to 4:30 pm

How to Reach: The city of Jaipur is well-connected with other Indian cities by air, rail and road and also with some international cities by air. The Jaipur International Airport is situated at Sanganer, a southern suburb at a distance of 13 kilometres from Jaipur.

History & Later Developments

Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of the great Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who built Jaipur, constructed the Hawa Mahal in 1799. He was so impressed with the Khetri Mahal built by Maharaja Bhopal Singh in the town of Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan that he embarked on constructing the Hawa Mahal that today stands as a remarkable gem of Rajput style of architecture. It was built as an extension of the Royal City Palace and leads to the zenana or women's chambers. One of the main reasons of constructing this beautiful mahal decorated with fine lattice windows and screened balconies was to facilitate the royal Rajput women, who otherwise followed the strict Purdah system and refrained from appearing in public, in getting a glimpse of the daily events, royal processions and festivals taking place on the streets. This way they could enjoy their sense of freedom while maintaining their customs.

The Hawa Mahal Jaipur translated into English means the Palace of the Winds and this name is in reference to the clever cooling system which propagates a gentle breezes through the inner rooms even during the intense Rajasthan summers. This ingenious design has been completely lost after a recent renovation in which windows were installed behind each of the lattice openings, so today the palace of winds has no wind.

The Hawa Mahal Jaipur acts as an optical illusion from the street level, here it appears as a massive structure but in actual fact the building is just an elaborate facade which is only an inconsequential part of the City Palace. The Hawa Mahal Jaipur covers 5 floors and this pyramidal structure signifies both the crown of the Hindu god Krishna and the the tail of a peacock implying royalty and power.

Architecture & Design of Hawa Mahal

The architect of this unique five-storied pyramidal palace with a height of 15 m from its elevated base was Lal Chand Ustad. The design of the building showcases an excellent blend of Hindu Rajput architecture with that of the Islamic Mughal architecture. The former style is palpable from the fluted pillars, floral patterns and domed canopies while the arches and stone inlay filigree work are manifestations of the latter style.

Keeping in line with other famous landmarks of the city, which is aptly tagged as the 'Pink City', this monument was built with red and pink sandstones. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh’s devotion towards Lord Krishna is manifested from the design of the structure of the palace that resembles the crown of the Lord. Although not exactly a palace, it looks like one from the street. The facade of the building intricately carved with beautiful motifs is cognate to that of the honeycomb of a beehive. Several potholes of the structure each having small lattice windows, chiselled sandstone grill and decorated domes give the building a look of a mass of semi-octagonal bays. There are a total of 953 elaborately carved jharokhas or windows, some of which are made of wood. These jharokhas were build in such a manner that air circulates naturally through them creating Venturi effect (doctor breeze) thus air conditioning the entire structure during the hot summers. Each jharokha has a small chamber where one can sit and view the street. Fountains at the middle of each chamber complimented well with the light wind flowing through the jharokhas thus enhancing the cooling effect of the chambers.

The palace was constructed from pink sandstone but in 1876 the exterior walls were painted with a calcium oxide paint that gives Jaipur its distinct pink colour. The palace was designed in 1799 by architect Lalchand Usta under the guidance of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh Marah as an extension of the zenana (woman's chambers) part of the maharaja's harem of the City Palace. The building's original function was to allow women to observe the daily life of the city whilst staying unseen from the street and commoner level.

The small lattice windows were angled to over look the city's main market and central boulevard. Along this boulevard royal processions or religious ceremonies would pass within sight of the women hidden behind the beautiful lattice windows. In later years the rooms of the Palace of the Wind found favour with the Royal family of Jaipur, as the rooms were always considerably cooler than the main bulk of the City Palace due to the constant air flow through the windows.

This forced separation of the maharaja's many wives and concubines from the outside world is called purdah and the origins of the word mean curtain. The Hawa Mahal did not contain curtains but intricate marble grills that covered each of the small windows on the balconies called jharokhas. The stunning lattice work is best appreciated from inside the palace where it is possible to view close at hand the skilled craftsmanship of the builders.

A Visit to the Hawa Mahal

The Hawa Mahal that attracts national and international tourists visiting Jaipur is located in the southern part of the city on Hawa Mahal Rd, Badi Choupad. It can be visited on all days from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm, however it is best viewed early in the morning when the golden rays of the Sun fall on this royal building giving it a more elegant and gorgeous look. The ancient artefacts preserved in the museum of the mahal give one a glimpse of the rich past, the cultural heritage and the exuberant lifestyle of the Rajputs. One can avail a taxi or book a car to reach the destination. As summers in Rajasthan are too hot, the best time to visit Jaipur is from October to March when the weather of the city becoms pleasant.

History of Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal was built, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and this palace was built, in 1799. Lal Chand Sawant had designed it as the crown of Lord Krishna of Hindu religion itself. Hawa Mahal, is a symbol of Rajputs’ royal heritage, culture, and incredible mix of architecture. Due to that five-story building, it remains at 87-degree angle. It is, only one and a half feet wide from the top and it looks like a beehive in the outside, which is a wonder, and there are 953 small, windows in the palace. Due to the windows, the Hawa Mahal is also called the Palace of Winds. At that time, women used to, come out of the lattice for a while and used to see daily life. At that time it was, mandatory for women, to cover her face with “the curtain”. It is, said that with the help of these curtain nets, they also felt cold air, and their face was cold even in solar heat.

After 50 years, the palace was repaired in 2006, at that time the value of this monument was, reported to be around 4568 million rupees. The corporate sector took up, the responsibility of protecting this monument but later the Unit Trust of India took up the responsibility. After, the Hawa Mahal, its complex was also developed. The tourists can see many historical things in the Hawa Mahal. Another attraction in the castle is the curved side of the wall. Like the other monuments built, in Jaipur, this palace is also made of lime, red and pink colored sandstone, in which it is closely mosaic with white edges and motif.

The highlight of the Hawa Mahal is that it is the tallest building built without any foundation in the world. In the morning, it gives a different feeling to see the sunshine in the sunlight. The air temperature is the most famous because of its culture and its design. Hawa Mahal is a splendid specimen of Rajput and Mughal art. In this palace, you will find Rajput samples here in domed roof, lotus, and flowers. You can find the specimen of the Mughal in the arches and the fine carvings done here.

Maharaja Jai ​​Singh had a favorite place to relax as its interior decoration is so beautiful. There is the only arrangement of hoards for going to the top two floors of the Hawa Mahal. Keeping in mind, the inconvenience caused by climbing trees, it is said that provision of hoarding was made instead of stairs to enter its upper two floors by wearing long sleeves. The Hawa Mahal is supervised, by the archaeological department of the Rajasthan Government. In 2005, after the long interval of nearly 50 years, the repair and renovation of the castle were done at a large scale, the estimated cost of which was Rs 45679 lakhs. Some corporate houses are also coming forward to maintain maintenance for the archaeological monuments of Jaipur, which is an example “Unit Trust of India”, which started the essence of the Hawa Mahal.

The entry to the monument is ticketed. These are the rates of entrance tickets respectively for Indian and foreign nationals.

IndianNationals Foreign Nationals
INR 50 INR 200

The façade which is the famous picture of the Hawa mahal is not the front end of the building,If you just want to have a picture of the building then you need not buy any ticket for the same but since it is situated on a very busy road and a very busy market so take appropriate security measure while you are busy clicking the Instagram worthy picture of Hawa Mahal, Take appropriate security measures while crossing the busy road .

The best time and season to visit Jaipur and its monuments is obviously the winter season of Jaipur. The temperature is very conducive from October to March and facilitates tourism activity.

The word “Purdah” is of Persian origin. It means a veil or screening of a person (mostly women) from the rest of humanity. In Mughal times it was strictly followed and the royal ladies always followed the laid down rules of the system. The ladies of Zenana were not allowed to be seen or noticed by outside men this was done by specially designed palanquins, Naqab, Hijab, Burqah and specially designed Jharokhas (windows) in the royal palaces, these windows facilitated only one sided view while the ladies could watch the court proceeding without being noticed by outsiders of the court.The Rajput ruling clan of Jaipur had very close cordial relations with the ruling Mughal clan. This system of purdah found its way into the Rajputana and the royal ladies of the palace also started following it religiously. Though Burqa and hizab were not used by the Rajput women instead they used “Ghoonghat” a sort of veil or an extension of their clothing to cover their faces, The practice is even now followed very commonly in the rural folks of Rajasthan , On your Rajasthan tour you can see how rural women having long ghoonghat carry many utensils on their head and ferry water to their homes.

The classic and regal Havelis ( Bungalow) have a very common prominent feature this is called Jharokha. A jharokha is a sort of protruding window which are an integral and very important part of the designs of Rajasthani Havelis. One special reference of Jharokha was the custom of Jharokha darshan, a custom started by Mughal emperor Akbar in which he used to appear publicly on a jharokha of his palace. The public used to gather underneath the jharokha to get a glimpse of their favorite emperor. The king was sort of venerated by the gathered crowds this was a regular affair. This custom was also carried on by his son ( Emperor Jahangeer) and his grandson( emperor Shahjahan).

Suggested tour plan :- Jaipur Tour Packages

A fine city Jaipur came into existence in the early eighteenth century, Fine contoured avenues, spacious markets were an attraction of the new city. People came from far and wide to appreciate the beauty of the new city, The royal processions on the wide roads were cheered by the crowds but the ladies of the palace were bereft to this regal event. The ladies could not see and be a party to any royal parade and procession which were so much an integral part of any festivity. This all was because of the Rajput ladies following the purdah system. King Mahraja Sawai Partap Singh built a wind palace, a series of stacked Jharokhas looking like a honey bee comb. This was built to facilitate the royal ladies to be a part of the festivities and witness to royal processions and the hustle and bustle of busy bazaars without being noticed by outsiders. Alongside this picturesque view the ladies could enjoy the cool breeze blowing through the lattice screen windows. In 1799 the palace was ready. Laal Chand Ustad was the chief architect of this grand project. The Hawa mahal is the most photographed building of Jaipur city.

The popular picture of Hawa mahal is not its front façade but it’s the eastern rear end leading to a busy road underneath. The hawa mahal is a five storied building it rises to 50 meters in height. The outlook of the hawa mahal is that of a bee hive or honey comb. The jharokhas are stacked up numbering a stupendous 953. The jharokhas or the windows are delicately carved from red and pink sand stone , the lattice screens look fragile and beautiful with curved dome tops. The first two floors have fountains inside to cool the breeze blowing through the lattice screens. Coloured glass panels have also been used, the upper three floors are nothing more than a room associated with the windows with no staircase leading up to the last two floors(only ramp), The shape of the palace resembles a crown some people say it was made to look like a crown of lord Krishna. There is a museum operating from the premises of Hawa Mahal. Hawa Mahal sure is a picture perfect icon of Jaipur city.

History of Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Jaipur is one of the most attractive tourist destinations for travelers. With the presence of the modern transport system, it becomes very safe and secure to visit at any time. Though there are several destinations that are attracting people in that Hawa Mahal in Jaipur is always on top.

In short Hawa Mahal is one of the attractive architectural wonders for visitors from different parts of the world. The entire structure of the building has its own history and grandeur in Rajasthan. It is one of the prominent places and attracts people to visit here. Many transport facility is available that allows reaching at any time.

Some Interesting Facts about Hawa Mahal:

Jaipur is the best tourist spot and located in the heart of the city. The Hawa Mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799. It is a historical place presently and has its own attractive features to make the people thrill after visiting here.

Well, Rajasthan is a place of beautiful historical places and forts in the present scenario. People would love to see the monuments and very interesting architectural work in today&rsquos time. The rising demand for visiting the Hawa Mahal is due to its elegant features which are attached to Hawa Mahal.

Let&rsquos Know About Hawa Mahal:

The most interesting part of this monument is that it is well built with the help of red and pink sandstone. The dominant color of the Jaipur city is Pink and due to that it is also called the &ldquoPink City of Jaipur&rdquo. The whole building is well constructed with an elegant design and has a unique Rajasthan style of the construction.
When you are planning to visit Rajasthan then remember that to visit Hawa Mahal because it is one of the most interesting places to see that should not be missed in Rajasthan.

Apart from all these characteristics it also has another pack of facts like:

  • The building is shaped or constructed as like Crown &ndash It just looks like Lord Krishna&rsquos Head Crown. The Maharaja who built the Hawa Mahal was a great devotee of Lord Krishna and his passion was to create something like crown design based building.
  • It is a place of Wind &ndash The building is having a total number of 953 windows in this building and it is the reason behind calling it a place of winds. During the summertime with the help of many windows, it was well treated for the rani who stayed inside the Mahal.
  • The Mahal of beautiful ladies- it is a royal palace that is attractive and giving well treat to the ladies of the Mahal. It was well constructed in such a design that ladies use to enjoy inside the palace to stay like royal.
  • The side entrance of the mahal is like a beehive- when you visit the palace and see the side entrance of the building it is very similar to a beehive. The number of windows was allowed the ladies to watch all the bustle activities of the city from inside of the building itself, without visible to being publically.

In short, it becomes one of the main attractions of the tourist. The building does not have the main entrance the people have to enter from the side gate of the city palace. In the building, there was one beautiful Mandir also located on the 5th floor. The palace got its name due to Hawa Mandir only and due to all these interesting facts, it is one of the most desirable spots for all.

History of Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799. Ustaad Lal Chand was the architect behind this spectacular structure that attracts many tourists from all around the world.

Hawa Mahal was made with the purpose of providing an exclusive place to the women of the royal family where they could look at the daily lives of the people outside of the palace without going out.

Anandpoli Gate is the main gate through which I entered the palace. Stepping inside a courtyard, I arrived at another gate called Chandrapoli Gate. Walking through this gate I was welcomed inside a beautiful courtyard with a fountain at its center.

It looked like the courtyard of the other Rajput palaces.

A portion inside the palace is marked as ‘Pratap Mandir’. This place was used by the Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. A statue of Maharaja is placed here.

Have you heard about the legend of Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur? If not, read this to know Here is why you should visit the Mehrangarh Fort in jodhpur, Rajasthan!

History Of Hawa Mahal

History Of Hawa Mahal: Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur, India approximately 300 kilometers from the capital city of Delhi. Built from red and pink sandstone, the palace sits on the edge of the City Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the Zenana, or women’s chambers.

The structure was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who was the founder of Jaipur. He was so inspired by the unique structure of Khetri Mahal that he built this grand and historical palace. It was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. Its five floor exterior is akin to honeycomb with its 953 small windows called Jharokhas decorated with intricate latticework. The original intent of the lattice design was to allow royal ladies to observe everyday life and festivals celebrated in the street below without being seen, since they had to obey the strict rules of “purdah”, which forbade them from appearing in public without face coverings. This architectural feature also allowed cool air from the Venturi effect to pass through, thus making the whole area more pleasant during the high temperatures in summer. Many people see the Hawa Mahal from the street view and think it is the front of the palace, but it is the back.

History Of Hawa Mahal: In 2006, renovation works on the Mahal were undertaken, after a gap of 50 years, to give a facelift to the monument at an estimated cost of Rs 4.568 million. The corporate sector lent a hand to preserve the historical monuments of Jaipur and the Unit Trust of India has adopted Hawa Mahal to maintain it. The palace is an extended part of a huge complex. The stone-carved screens, small casements, and arched roofs are some of the features of this popular tourist spot. The monument also has delicately modeled hanging cornices.

History Of Hawa Mahal This palace is a five-story pyramidal shaped monument that rises to about 50 feet (15 m). The top three floors of the structure have the width of a single room, while the first and second floors have patios in front of them. The front elevation, as seen from the street, is like a honeycomb with small portholes. Each porthole has miniature windows and carved sandstone grills, finials and domes. It gives the appearance of a mass of semi-octagonal bays, giving the monument its unique façade. The inner face on the back side of the building consists of chambers built with pillars and corridors with minimal ornamentation, and reach up to the top floor. The interior of the palace has been described as “having rooms of different coloured marbles, relieved by inlaid panels or gilding while fountains adorn the centre of the courtyard”.

Lal Chand Usta was the architect. Built-in red and pink colored sandstone, in keeping with the décor of the other monuments in the city, its color is a full testimony to the epithet of “Pink City” given to Jaipur. Its façade with 953 niches with intricately carved jharokhas (some are made of wood) is a stark contrast to the plain-looking rear side of the structure. Its cultural and architectural heritage is a reflection of a fusion of Hindu Rajput architecture and Islamic Mughal architecture the Rajput style is seen in the form of domed canopies, fluted pillars, lotus, and floral patterns, and the Islamic style as evident in its stone inlay filigree work and arches (as distinguished from its similarity with the Panch Mahal at Fatehpur Sikri).

The entry to the Hawa Mahal from the city palace side is through an imperial door. It opens into a large courtyard, which has double-storeyed buildings on three sides, with the Hawa Mahal enclosing it on the east side. An archaeological museum is also housed in this courtyard.

Hawa Mahal was also known as the chef-d’œuvre of Maharaja Jai Singh as it was his favourite resort because of the elegance and built-in interior of the Mahal. The cooling effect in the chambers, provided by the breeze passing through the small windows of the façade, was enhanced by the fountains provided at the center of each of the chambers.

Best time to visit Jaipur’s Hawa Mahal

The period between November and February is known as the peak season for tourists. By the way, the time to see Hawa Mahal is from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm. However, the best time to visit and see this building is in the morning because when the golden rays of the rising sun fall on this royal building, the beauty of the building doubles. The Archaeological Museum of Hawa Mahal is closed on Fridays, so it is better to visit Hawa Mahal on other days. Lotus Temple in Delhi

Hawa Mahal Historical Facts and Pictures

Hawa Mahal (The Palace of the Breeze), located in the state of Jaipur in India, is one of the finest specimens of Rajput architecture and a popular tourist destination. Protected and maintained by the State Government’s Archeological Department, the five-storied monument rises 15 meters (50 feet) high from its base. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput Dynasty while renowned architect Lal Chand Ustad designed it based on the crown of Lord Krishna (the Hindu God).

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal Pictures

Hawa Mahal at Night

Hawa Mahal at Night Pictures

Hawa Mahal at Night

Hawa Mahal Interior

Hawa Mahal Interior Images

Hawa Mahal Interior Photos

Hawa Mahal Interior Pictures

Hawa Mahal Interior

Beautiful red and pink sandstone was used for building the pyramidal monument with the construction work completing in the year 1799. The 953 closely spaced windows (jharokha) decorated with detailed latticework gives the whole palace a unique honeycomb-like appearance in addition to air conditioning the whole area in hot summer days which earns the place its name.

Watch the video: My jaipur tour!!! amer fort!! jal mahal!! hawa mahal!! jaigarh fort!! corona time