The Nieuport 80 was a two-seat trainer with one set of controls, developed from the Nieuport 12 and Nieuport 13.
The Nieuport 80 was probably derived from the earlier Nieuport 13, which matched the fuselage of the Nieuport 12 with an 80hp Le Rhône engine. The Nieuport 12 itself was a larger version of the Nieuport 10, with a more powerful 110-130hp engine.
The Nieuport 80 was one of a series of training aircraft produced by Nieuport in 1917-18 and used by the French and American air services. The Nieuport 80 was a single-bay biplane, with two cockpits but single controls in the rear cockpit only.
The Nieuport 80 was used at the French flying school at Pau, where it was used by pilots making their first solo flight (after earlier training in the Nieuport 82 and then the Nieuport 81).
The United States Air Service received 147 Nieuport 80s, which were used at the American Expeditionary Force flying school at Issoudun. A number of these were amongst the first aircraft to be provided for the AEF.
A number of Nieuport 80s went to Italy, where they were used by the Sezione Difese Bologna to carry out night patrols.
Ten Nieuport 80s went to Brazil in November 1918, where they were used by the Escola de Aviacao Militar at Campos dos Afonsos. Brazil also received a number of Nieuport 81s and Nieuport 83s. All three types were retired in 1924.
One Nieuport 80 was purchased by Japan after the end of the war. The Japanese also imported and built under license both the Nieuport 81 and Nieuport 83.
Portugal bought three Nieuport 80E.2s in 1919, joining seven Nieuport 83.E.2s that they had purchased in 1916.
In 1920 a number of Nieuport 80s were converted into the Nieuport 80bis by being given an 80hp Clerget 7Z.
Engine: Le Rhône
Span: 29ft 6in
Empty weight: 992lb
Maximum take-off weight: 1,676lb
Max speed: 68mph at 6,570ft
Climb Rate: 8min to 3,280ft
Nieuport 11 aircraft are perhaps the best known of the Nieuport fighting scout series of aircraft. They were originally designed and built in France by Gustave Delage. The Nieuport 11 was often referred to as the Bebe.
They were deployed in both France and the Dardanelles. In the Dardanelles they were one of the first true fighter aircraft used by the British Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service. The tiny Nieuport 11 was neither a monoplane nor biplane. It fell into a class of 1 1/2 wing aircraft called sesquiplane. Its lower wing is less than half the area of the upper wing.
The Nieuport 11 was extremely maneuverable and able to gain air superiority over German aircraft ending the so-called "Fokker Scourge." During the Battle of Verdun in February 1916, the aircraft was responsible for the infliction of heavy casualties on the Germans.
The fighter was armed with a single Hotchkiss or Lewis machine-gun firing above the propeller from the top wing. Some of the aircraft were equipped with up to eight rockets on their outboard struts which were used against enemy observation balloons.
RC Nieuport 11
The RC Nieuport 11 shown above, built by Lichti of RCGroups, was converted from a Guillow free flight kit. Wingspan is 24 in. It is 1/12 scale. Although it was originally intended for rubber or engine power, Lichti converted his airplane to electric power.
The RC Nieuport 11 built from a kit by Proctor Enterprise has a wingspan of 61.25 in. Recommended engines are .70 - .80 four cycle .
The AMA has a number of RC Nieuport 11 plans. They have spans from 24 in. through 37 in. Although the plans show engine power, they can probably be adapted for motor power.
Nieuport 21 & 23
The Nieuport 17 was e development of the Nieuport 11 and was equipped with enlarged wings and a more powerful engine.
The Nieuport 16 was a first attempt to resolve the shortcomings of the Nieuport 11, especially the rather weak lower wing. It was equipped with a more powerful engine, but this resulted in a higher wing load and less maneuverability.
The Nieuport 17 referred more to the principles of the Nieuport 11, but had new designed strengthened wings with larger area. The lower wing proofed to tend to twist at higher speeds just as was the case with the Nieuport 11.
It was equipped with a 120 hp Le Rhône engine. Later the Nieuport 17Bis was released with a 130 hp engine.
The Nieuport 17, which made it maiden flight in January 1916, was armed with a fixed machine gun mounted on the upper wing. It climbed as fast and was as maneuverable as the Nieuport 11.
|Length:||5,97 m||Wing span:||8,19 m|
|Heigth:||2,44 m||Vleugeloppervlak:||- m 2|
|Empty weight||374,2 kg||Max. weight:||560,19 kg|
|Max. speed:||170,6 km/u (op 1 981 m)||Cruising speed:||- km/u|
|Climbing speed||19 min 30 sec naar 4000 m|
|Service ceiling||5349 m||Range:||249 km|
|Engine type:||One Le Rhône 9 rated 120 hp|
|Armament:||one fixed forward firing Vickers or Lewis machine gun|
The Nieuport 21 was intended as a (unarmed) trainer and (armed) escort version of the Nieuport 17. It was equipped with a 80 hp Le Rhône 9C engine.
The Nieuport 23 differed in some details regarding the synchronization of the machine gun and re-arrangement of the fuel and oil tanks.
|Length:||5,8 m||Wing span:||8,16 m|
|Height:||- m||Wing area:||- m 2|
|Empty Weight:||- kg||Max. start weight:||- kg|
|Max. speed:||- km/u||Cruising speed:||- km/u|
|Climbing speed:||- m/min|
|Service ceiling:||- m||Range:||- km|
|Engine type:||One Le Rhône 9C rated 80 hp|
|Length:||5,8 m||Wing span:||8,16 m|
|Height:||- m||Wing area:||14,75 m 2|
|Empty Weight:||- kg||Max. weight:||- kg|
|Max. speed:||- km/u||Cruising speed:||- km/u|
|Climbing speed:||- m/min|
|Service ceiling:||- m||Range:||- km|
|Engine type:||One Le Rhône 120 rated 120 hp|
An market research in France in 1917 showed that the Caudron G-IV was the best reconnaissance aircraft available and the Nieuport XVII (with 110 hp engine) was the best fighter available at that time.
As a Romanian order was cancelled, it was possible to order some of these aircraft.
So 10 Caudron G-IV’s 5 Nieuport 80 hp and 5 Nieuport 110 hp were ordered. Five Caudrons were shipped in fall of 1917 on the S.S. Rhea, but the ship was on hold for a long time at Gibraltar. In 1918 the aircraft arrived at Soesterberg. First flight with a Nieuport was on June 30, 1918 and soon a Nieuport, 80 hp followed.
Extensive research by H.G. Berfelo showed more information about the correct types of the ordered Nieuports. The Nieuports delivered were equipped with LeRhône engine os 80 and 120 hp respectively. The LVA designated the types usually with the power of the engine installed on the aircraft, so the Nieuports were Nieuport 80 hp and Nieuport 120 hp. These aircraft can be found in several records with this designation.
Next is a short report of the results of mr. Berfelo's research:
The Nieuport 80 ph is often thought to be an Nieuport 11C.1. This is not correct, both models had an cowling which is aten at the underside and are lacking the headrest, but the fuselage of the Nieuport 80 pk is rounded in front of the cockpit section. The Nieuport 11 fuselage is not rounded and the fuselage is connected with the cowling with a more triangular adaptor. Also the Nieuport 80 hp has a oval access hatch on both sides of the fuselage. Also the cables are running parallel from the upper wing towards the fuselage. The Nieuport 11 these cables are connected to the fuselage at one point.
So it can be concluded the Nieuport 80 ph is merely a Nieuport 17 variant. The only possible type is the Nieuport 21, in fact a Nieuport 17, equipped with an engine of 80 hp. The Nieuport 21 has a partly aten cowling, the fists examples, delivered lacked the headrest.
The Nieuport 120 hp is often referred to as being Nieuport 17. This isn't correct either. There is hardly any outward difference between the Nieuport 17 and the Nieuport 23. Both models were used mixed up. The Nieuport 23 had a more powerful engine rated 120 hp. internally some modifications were added . Nieuport added the type designation plus the construction number on the tips of the wings. When the wings was replaced or painted over, it was impossible to distinguish the Nieuport 23 from the Nieuport 17, except when the engine was examined.
An existing photo of an LVA Nieuport 17 proved to be of such good quality of the original Nieuport designation could be read from the upper wing. The aircraft involved, happens to be a Nieuport 23 with construction number 3541.
So it can be concluded that the Nieuports 120 were in fact Nieuports 23.
A photo of a Nieuport 23 is known, where the aircraft has the Dutch roundel applied. This roundel was used from 1921 and later. Probably the Nieuports were withdrawn from use in 1925 and scrapped.
1914. aasta jaanuaris asus lennukikonstruktor Gustave Delage tööle ettevõttes Société Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport, kus ta lõi Esimese maailmasõja jooksul rea edukaid sõjalennukeid. Nieuport 10 oli sarja esimene ning algselt mõeldud osalema Gordon-Bennetti auhinnavõistlusel 1914. aastal. Esimese maailmasõja puhkedes jäi võistlus ära ning Delage arendas sellest 2-kohalise luurelennuki, mis võeti 1915. aastal Prantsusmaa lennuväes kasutusele. Nieuport 10-le algselt paigaldatud Gnome-Rhone 80 hj rotatiiv-tähtmootor jäi kaheistmelisele lennukile nõrgaks.
Lennukil võeti kasutusele mitmed konstruktsioonielemendid, mis iseloomustasid kõiki hilisemaid Delage'i konstrueeritud Nieuporti lennukeid. Kitsam alumine tiib oli ülemisest väiksema ulatusega – Delage soovis biplaanide tiibadevaheliste terastrossidega pingutatud ning V-tugedega tiivakarbile omase jäikuse ja tugevuse ühendada pealtiivalise monoplaani hea vaateväljaga.
Osa lennukeid ehitati oma jõududega ümber 1-kohalisteks hävituslennukeiks. Selleks kaeti kinni esimene kabiin ning ülatiiva kohale kinnitati kas Lewis või Vickers kuulipilduja, mis tulistas üle propelleri. Hiljem valmistati ühekohalised lennukid juba tehases.
Tehases valmistati kaks uut lennukiarendust Nieuport 10 baasil: väiksem Nieuport 11 Bébé, mis konstrueeriti algusest peale ühekohalise hävituslennukina, ja suurema ülatiiva ja võimsama mootoriga kahekohaline Nieuport 12. Samuti ehitati nimetuse Nieuport 83 E.2 all eraldi topeltjuhtseadmetega õppelennuk. Nieuport 10 kere kasutati ka ühe triplaanlennuki ehitamiseks.
Venemaal ehitati Nieuport 10 lennukeid nii ühe- kui ka kahekohalises versioonis Moskvas Duxi lennukitehases. Vabadussõja lõppedes võttis Eesti lennuvägi Loodearmeelt üle ka kaks Duxi tehases tehtud Nieuport 10 lennukit. Neist ühekohaline (Duxi tehase nr 1501, Eesti lennuväes nr 51) seati lennukorda ning leidis aastatel 1922–1925 kasutust hävituslendurite õppelennukina. Kahekohaline lennuk (Duxi tehase nr 1511, Eesti lennuväes nr 52) seisis loeteludes kui remondis olev, kuni samuti 1925. aastal maha kanti.
Despite the plethora of early Spam ads aimed at housewives who wanted cheap, quick meals requiring almost no prep, some of the members of that target demographic were hesitant to eat meat that didn’t need to be refrigerated. But it didn’t take long for the U.S. military to find a use for the food innovation. Spam went global during World War II, when America shipped out over 100 million cans to the Pacific, where it made an inexpensive yet filling meal for U.S. troops. As TIME later noted, “Among fed-up fighting men from Attu to Anzio, Spam became one of the most celebrated four-letter words in World War II, gave birth to a flavorsome literature of tales, odes, jokes, limericks.” It remains popular in areas where soldiers were stationed, especially in Hawaii, Guam and the Philippines. Spam also became part of aid packages to devastated Europe and Russia. As the former Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev wrote in his memoir Khrushchev Remembers: “There were many jokes going around in the army, some of them off-color, about American Spam it tasted good, nonetheless. Without Spam, we wouldn’t have been able to feed our army. We had lost our most fertile lands.”
To keep up Spam sales postwar, the company hired singers to tout the product, and even had a radio show Music With the Hormel Girls. Whatever the reason, it worked: Hormel produced its billionth can in 1959, amid rising sales. And yet the Spam-eating Vikings in the 1970s Monty Python’s Flying Circus skit is the pop culture Spam reference most people will remember.
This Phoenix Photo Studio Holds 80 Years Of Arizona History Inside An Old Bank Vault
Photographer Robert Markow died in 2009, but he was considered by many to be the gold-standard of photographers. Known as the “Dean of Arizona Photographers” by his peers, Markow photographed almost everything and everyone in post-war Arizona.
Now, his son, Paul Markow, is trying to preserve his father’s photographic legacy.
"So, these are some of the pictures."
Paul Markow is flipping through a three ring binder filled with crisp black and white photographs.
There's Eleanor Roosevelt, Arnold Palmer, Bob Hope and Bob Goldwater.
Paul isn’t showing off his work — though his personal repository, which spans half-a-century, is impressive in its own right. The photos he’s sorting through belong to his father.
"My father, Robert Markow, started as an art director," said Paul. "He was an artist in New York City."
And that could have been it for Markow. But World War II broke out. Markow joined the Army Air Corp and was shipped off to Arizona’s Thunderbird Field in 1942.
"And, fortunately for him, and for me — he for some reason, he washed out," he said. "I never knew exactly why."
Paul says his dad had this knack for ending up at the right place at the right time. So instead of combat, he was offered a job as the fighter pilot class yearbook photographer.
Every six weeks, he would photograph a new class. He did that for more than two years.
"At that point he called up his girlfriend In New York City, my mom, Beatrice," said Paul. "And he said, 'How'd you like to come out here and marry me?'"
"And they honeymooned at the Luhrs Hotel, and they started a family."
With mouths to feed, Markow needed extra money, so he decided to photograph horse shows.
"And at the horse shows he met a guy named Joe Porter who had the largest Western wear store in the Western United States."
And Joe Porter offered him a job doing his catalogs.
By the early 1950s, things take off for the Markows. Paul says both his parents had personality. And personality can go a long way in this business.
"And so they got a lot of accounts like Valley Bank, which was the biggest account and Bank of Douglas and Bank of Arizona," said Paul. "And they were probably the number one photo studio in Arizona."
The rest is history. And there’s a lot of it — in the form of negatives. Millions of them. And they’re stored in little envelopes inside an old bank vault located in Paul’s studio.
Now, he’s looking for a permanent home for this massive collection.
"I'm not much for hyperbole, but I’ve got to say, this negative file is the singular visual chronicle of Arizona from the mid-'40s to the 2000s."
From politicians such as John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Barry Goldwater and Richard Nixon, to at least one celebrity turned politician.
"We've got pictures of Ronald Reagan sitting in a John F. Long pickup truck hanging out with John F. Long," said Paul.
John F. Long was a home builder and a client. Ronald Reagan — the actor — was posing for an ad for homes in Maryvale.
"Anyway, this needs to go somewhere," he said. "I don’t want to just have this on the sidewalk someday. This is the history of Phoenix."
A lot has changed since Paul started sorting through his father’s archive.
"Well, COVID has basically been a sort of a weird blessing to this project."
Business is down, and Paul is using his free time to post black and white gems on Instagram.
Copyright 2020 by Capitol Broadcasting Company. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
World War 1 Nieuport Scale Model Aircraft, WWI Plastic Model Aircraft Kits, Diecast Models and Balsa Wood Model Aircraft Kits.
These Nieuport model airplanes show the history of World War 1. These Nieuport World War 1 aircraft also supply you with very good pictures or World War 1 aircraft and weapons. If you are looking up information about the World War 1 Planes, check the bottom of the page for History Notes on the Nieuport World War Plane. On about October 12th, 2007, I heard that there were less than 500 World War 1 Veterans still alive.
Edouard Nieuport, 1875-1911. Pommier, details the brilliant engineering solutions that Nieuport applied to cycling and automobiles before turning to aircraft. His brother Charles and the company bearing their name - which at one time lead the world in aircraft production. The first airplane designed to be a fighter, the Nieuport 11 - nicknamed "Baby" by the pilots who thought it was small and cute - defined the cutting edge of military aviation in 1916 and was largely responsible for ending the "Fokker Scourge." The Nieuport was Eddie Rickenbacker's favorite fighter. The French Nieuport company provided Allied forces with the first true fighter of World War I. Flown by French, British, Russian, Belgian, and Italian aces, the XI was replaced in 1916 by the even more popular XII. Americans flew a final variant, the Nie.28, in 1918.
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Nieuport WW1 Model Airplanes
Accurately portraying the thrill and danger of aerial dogfights like no movie before, this, the first World War I aviation film in more than 30 years, was inspired by the epic tale of the young American men who became known as the Lafayette Escadrille - ordinary boys who volunteered for the First World War looking for adventure and, in the process, became heroes. DVD includes deleted scenes, an inside look at the special effects, and more. Widescreen, DTS Surround Sound, Rated PG-13, 2 hrs. 20 min.
From the Webmaster: This was a fantastic Movie. The effects and story were super excellent and I highly recommend that everyone see this movie. It was great. I watched it at the Century Theater in Anchorage Alaska, October 2006. Also, a 1/32 Nieuport is a model that will take the whole movie to put together if you do it quickly, like most kids do. When the model and movie are completed, you have a very nice model and had a great time at the same time promoting family fun.
Nieuport 28 America's World War 1 Ace of Aces, 94th Aero Squadron" 62" src="http://www.yellowairplane.com/Models_World_War_1/images/Nieuport_28_26_Victory_ACE_Eddie_Rickenbacker.jpg" border="1" vspace="4" hspace="10" align="left"> Nieuport 28 biplane flown by 26-victory ace Eddie Rickenbacker - America's Ace of Aces.
Nieuport 28C-1 1/48 Kit" 63" src="http://www.yellowairplane.com/Models_World_War_1/images/Nieuport_28C-1_Eddie_Rickenbacker_Roden_Model.jpg" border="1" vspace="4" hspace="10" align="left">Nieuport 28C-1
the French biplane fighter that was the first aircraft to see service with an American fighter squadron, a 160-horsepower Gnome rotary engine 94th Aero Squadron "Hat-in-the-Ring" markings, Lt. Eddie Rickenbacker World War I "ace of aces" - of the 94th Aero Squadron "Hat in the Ring Gang,"
Nieuport 17 flown by 44 Victory Ace Albert Ball, WW1" 61" src="http://www.yellowairplane.com/Models_World_War_1/images/Nieuport-17_Biplane_44_Victory_Ace_Albert_Ball.jpg" border="1" vspace="4" hspace="10" align="left">Nieuport 17
Made by John Jenkins Designs, Nieuport 17 biplane flown by 44-victory ace Albert Ball - a recipient of the Victoria Cross and the fourth highest scoring British pilot of World War I - during his time with the Royal Flying Corps' No. 60 Squadron in 1916, top-wing-mounted Lewis machine gun Le Rhne 9J engine
Gnome Monosoupape 9B WW1 Airplane Engine" 60" src="http://www.yellowairplane.com/Models_World_War_1/images/Gnome_Monosoupape_9B_WW1_Airplane_Engine_Radial.jpg" border="0" vspace="4" hspace="10" align="left">
Gnome Monosoupape 9B innovative Gnome Monosoupape (single valve) air-cooled rotary engine, which, introduced in 1913, was used in aircraft such as the Airco DH.2, Vickers F.B.5 "Gunbus," Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 and Nieuport 28
Nieuport 17C.1. Plastic model kit of WWI's dominant French fighter, the Nieuport.
One of the most famous Allied fighters of World War I, the Nieuport 17 was flown by several top aces such as Georges Guynemer and Raoul Lufbery