Two Mayan cities found in the Yucatan jungle

Two Mayan cities found in the Yucatan jungle

A team of archaeologists have rediscovered an ancient Mayan city in Yucatan and discovered another, which were hidden by dense vegetation. The sites, nicknamed Lagunita and Tamchen, were found by the team of Ivan Sprajc, from the Research Center of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, just a few kilometers from Chactun, another ancient Mayan city found by the same team in 2013.

After examining aerial photographs of the area, the team identified two ancient cities, one already known and another totally new. Sprajc said that “In the jungle, a few meters can be enormous distances if we take into account the great density of vegetation that exists, and it is not possible to suspect what can be found there”.

Both sites have plazas surrounded by palatial buildings, pyramids (one of which reaches 65 feet in height), and ball courts. Turn in Lagunita, a heavily eroded stela was recovered with the date November 29, 711 (the rest of the text is heavily eroded and unintelligible), and a representation of a monster opening its mouth in a facade.

The town of Lagunita was actually discovered in 1970 by American archaeologist Eric Von Euw, who documented the façade and other stone monuments with unpublished drawings. However, its exact location was not known as it was not documented and all relocation attempts that were made failed. "The information about Lagunita was vague and very unhelpful”, Expressed Sprajc about it.

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The facade and the monster that is represented in it was precisely what allowed us to recognize the city. "It represents a Mayan deity of the earth related to fertility. These doors symbolize the entrance to a cave and, in general, to the underworld, place of the mythological origin of corn and home of the ancestors.”Sprajc explained.

Judging by the monuments and inscriptions found, Lagunita must have been the seat of a relatively powerful political organization, although its relationship with Chactun, who exercised an important power in the region, is still unknown.«.

Regarding the other city found, Tamchen, was previously unknown and it was baptized so in Yucatec Mayan it means "deep well”, Name obtained due to the fact that more than 30 chultunes in the area (underground chambers in the shape of a bottle that served mainly for the collection of rainwater), of which many of them are unusually very deep, reaching 13 meters deep.

Tamchen seems to have been a contemporary city to Lagunita, although there is no evidence of its history and its settlement, which dates back to the Late Preclassic, between 300 BC. and 250 AD

Both cities leave us new questions about the diversity of the Mayan culture, the role that this area played and the relationships between political organizations.Sprajc commented.

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