The celebrity of ancient EgyptTayesmutengebtiu (Tamut), achieved the best mummification money could buy in 900 BC.. As the singer of the god Amun, the nubile beauty was revered by the fortunate few who came to see her live concerts at the Karnak Temple in Egypt.
3,000 years later the secret of Tamut has been revealed thanks to the experts of the British Museum, which has also unraveled the lives of eight Nile Valley mummies using CT scans, 3D imaging and cutting-edge technology.
Tamut must have been around 40 or 50 years old when he died. He was on the verge of a heart attack or stroke because his arteries hardened. You can take comfort in the fact that their mummification is helping to transform our understanding of the real life of ancient Egyptians and dispel the perception Hollywood has created that mummies are terrifying monsters.
Both Tamut and other mummies were treated with the utmost respect and care by the researchers during their transfer to carry out explorations on their tissues, organs and bones.
The revealed information was converted into 3D visualizations with computer software originally designed for automotive engineering.
Visitors to the exhibition will be able to do more than just see the mummiesThey will be able to understand their health, their lifestyles and the secrets of mummification. They will be able to know the varied diet that the Egyptians had, which included sin, a little meat, beer, bread and dates. Fruits rich in sugar gave the Egyptians many dental problems, in addition, they also suffered from high cholesterol and heart disease. In fact, the scans showed that one of the mummies had suffered at least four dental abscesses in the lower jaw that could have caused its death. "They could have caused septicemia or the released pus could have made the throat swell and suffocated him”.
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The embalmer who worked on this mummy did not have a good day at work, examination of the deceased revealed that the spatula that was used to pry the man's brain through his nose broke and got stuck in the back of the skull.
The scans have revealed amazing jewels buried next to mummies. One woman was even found to have an intimate tattoo on her inner thigh.
The use of 3D printers has allowed experts to recreate and examine the found amulets without disturbing the deceased.
“The whole project has been amazing and we have learned a lot in just a few months”Said Dr John Taylor, Curator of the British Museum. "We have 120 mummies from Egypt and Sudan, the first of which entered our collection in 1756. Now, for the first time, we can see their faces, the objects inside their wraps, how they arranged their hair and exercise their age and the illnesses they suffered”.
Of Tamut they have discovered that it was an older woman than previously thought and that, in fact, she had very short hair and wore a wig to look younger.
«These are the remains of the people who actually lived and deserve our respect and we want visitors to make connections. Anything that helps humanize them and get away from the old ghoulish horror movie image is great."Taylor said.
Scientists have found evidence that ancient Egyptians knew how to repair fractures, who used ointments for burns and even some antiseptic treatments.
Of the other eight mummies found, the name of some of them has been specified through the hieroglyphics on their tombs. One of the mummies analyzed was a man named Padiamene, who lived around 700 BC. He worked in the temple as a porter and barber, an important trade.
Two other of the mummies belong to two children. One was a seven-year-old girl named Tjayasetimu who sang in the temple. Her head was covered by a veil and her hair was loose on her shoulders.
The most modern mummy is that of a Sudanese woman between 20 and 35 years old who died around the year 700.
Dr. Taylor hopes to scan the entire collection of mummies in the museum. Only 25 are on public display, as the rest are too fragile.
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