Via Sinc Agency.
During the reconquest, those Muslims who preserved their religion and remained in the territories already conquered by the Christian kingdoms were called Mudejar. In a study that uses written sources from the Mudejar community, it has been shown that, contrary to what was believed, the Mudejars were not Muslims in decline nor had they lost their naturalness due to their constant contacts with the Christian community. This is what the researcher affirms Ana Echevarría, from the National University of Distance Education. "Some researchers have always considered the Mudejars as Muslims in decline, but this was not the case”.
With the analyzes carried out by various archaeological teams in cemeteries in Ávila and Toledo, Echevarría has verified that the rituals were performed exactly as required by Islamic law. Along with the cemeteries in which the remains of more than 3,000 Muslim individuals of the time are found, there are also records of an Islamic brotherhood related to the Mosque of the Tornerías, in Toledo, which refers exclusively to how the burials.
Despite the fact that Andalusia is where you would think that most of the documentary sources are located, since it was from the last conquered territories, it is curious to know that most of the sources are located in the north-central part of Castile.
The Mudejars were allowed to keep their religion and rules, showing the kingdom of Castile tolerance towards Islamic practices. However, in the royal speech his conversion stood out, and Echevarría qualifies it. "One thing was the propaganda message of the kings and the reality of the kingdom's population was quite another, with a need to regulate the existence of different human groups in the localities, with an obvious economic interest”.
Another of the study's discoveries is the bilingualism of the Mudejars. In general, the Mudejars spoke the Romance language of the kingdom they inhabited and only the most educated spoke Arabic. In the 15th century, the Castilian Islamic elites demonstrated their knowledge of this language, however, the rest of the population would have difficult levels that would be difficult to discover.
Despite this, at a time when the transmission of knowledge orally was of great importance, this could be its main form of propagation. "It seems that the documents of the scribes of the Castilian communities were written in dialectal Andalusian Arabic and not in classical cult Arabic, which shows an important impact of orality”, Says Echevarría.
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