Nazi guillotine appears in Munich

Nazi guillotine appears in Munich

The Bavarian National Museum he hid in his basement an object from the history of Germany that has shocked more than one by the history behind it. Is about a guillotine of puzzling origin That has generated the doubt of whether or not it should be exposed, due to the number of lives that were settled in the past.

The resistance group against the nazi regime known as «White Rose»Witnessed one of the harshest sentences shortly after the end of the war. In 1943, six of its leading members were arrested for disseminating the pamphlet that would later become known in Germany as'Munich Students Manifesto«. The text predicted the defeat of the German Sixth Division at Stalingrad and was filtered all over the world, from Scandinavia to the United Kingdom. The crime against the regime ended with the execution of Hans Conrad Lepielt, which helped distribute the brochure, known as Brochure 6, in Hamburg.

Some researchers such as Sybe Wartena, curator of the Bavarian National Museum, have determined that the guillotine was used to execute the brothers Hans and Sophie Scholl, the youngest members of the resistance group, who sacrificed their lives in favor of resistance against the regime. Although the brothers, like many Germans, initially saw the salvation of the country in the Nazi regime, they soon realized its hidden evils, so they soon joined the resistance groups. They personally witnessed the Nazi horrors against the Jews and the people of the East when they participated in the Mandatory program of sending medical students to the Russian front to assist the military on the battlefield by 1942.

The White Rose group was in charge of distributing propaganda against Nazism and the war, handing out a total of 6 pamphlets with the title"Passive resistance to National Socialism". Likewise, they undertook a campaign within the universities encouraging new generations, indoctrinated since childhood to denounce any infamy against Hitler's regime, to fight in the resistance. On the nights of February 3, 8, and 15, 1943, the walls of Munich buildings were covered in graffiti with slogans in favor of freedom and the fall of Hitler.

The last pamphlet, number six, written in February 1943, reported on the Nazi defeat at Stalingrad and gave members of the resistance decisive hope. The Scholls distributed copies of the brochure throughout the university of Munich to combat the statements of Hitler's minister, Goebbels, who had encouraged the German people to support the world war.

The Gestapo detected the attempts of the Scholl, who were arrested and taken into the custody of the secret police and executed on February 22, after a long process of torture and interrogation in which the brothers did not hesitate to make it clear that Hitler had lost the war. Quite an act of bravery that would cost them their lives.

The opposition to the regime of the members of the White Rose is now fully rewarded, and the members who did not lose their lives are recognized as heroes for their fight against the Third Reich. That is why the discovery of the execution weapon has sparked so much debate about its exhibition or conservation in the shade: ¿It is an object that praises the sacrifice of the resistance or, on the contrary, is a symbol of the torture and cruelty of the Nazi era? What is your opinion?

Romantic, in the artistic sense of the word. In my adolescence, both family and friends reminded me over and over that I was an inveterate humanist, as I spent time doing what perhaps others not so much, believing myself to be Bécquer, immersed in my own artistic fantasies, in books and movies, constantly wanting to travel and explore the world, admired for my historical past and for the wonderful productions of the human being. That is why I decided to study History and combine it with Art History, because it seemed to me the most appropriate way to carry out the skills and passions that characterize me: reading, writing, traveling, researching, knowing, making known, educating. Disclosure is another of my motivations, because I understand that there is no word that has real value if it is not because it has been transmitted effectively. And with this, I am determined that everything I do in my life has an educational purpose.


Video: A Hitler top hat and other Nazi items for sale in Munich auction. AFP