Demystification of Bernal's American Chronicle in favor of Cortés

Demystification of Bernal's American Chronicle in favor of Cortés

The French Christian duverger, historian, anthropologist and archaeologist specialized in Mesoamerican civilizations, is the author of the essay in the form of a novel (action to attract a greater number of readers) "Chronicle of eternity. Who wrote the true History of the conquest of New Spain?”.

In it, Duverger states, after 400 years of the writing of the Conquest of America by Bernal Díaz del Castillo, what This is not but Hernán Cortés, who owns the "license”Of the chronicle that narrates such conquest. The historian is based on the fact that Bernal, whom he considers “an expression of popular genius"And to which he adds:"I do not doubt his existence, but I do doubt that he was the authentic chronicler of the conquest of America”, Who wrote his chronicle at the age of 84, half a century after the conquest, leads the author to ask questions such as: How can he recall the conquest in so much detail after so many years? How could, according to your account, be next to Hernán Cortés and Carlos V and not appear in any letter or record? How could a soldier like him, without any training, write the chronicle of the conquest in a literary way?

Faced with such questions, Duverger bases his theory that the true chronicler is courteous, claiming in his work that Hernán was an educated and educated man, author of literary works and connoisseur of the classics, who wrote the manuscript of his version of the conquest with such veracity that (the manuscript, which was found in Guatemala by one of Bernal Díaz's sons and immediately handed over to his father) the mythification and the image of the chronicler hero of Bernal has prevailed during these 400 years.

Now, the Frenchman at first doubted whether to publish his novel on this issue considering the conquest of America "a very sensitive topic”, Especially for Spaniards and Mexicans, especially considering that Hernán Cortés is undervalued and it has a negative image in many parts of the world.

Hernán Cortés is considered “the villain of the story”, Guilty, along with Pizarro, of the extinction of the indigenous people and responsible for a bloodbath. To which Duverger alleges that it is a totally false image, that there were greater bloodbaths in European wars, that in the 16th century the "balance of powers" was in favor of Cortés and not the Crown and that in the 18th century it was considered in Mexico "the father of independence”From the Latin American countries.

These Mexican independencies did not sit well with the United States in the 19th century and false documents began to be disseminated about Cortés' performance in the conquest, seriously obscuring his image.”, The French author also clarifies. Furthermore, Cortés was already a forbidden author, and had to write anonymously, as a private, his manuscript on the version of the conquest.

Unlike Cortés, Bernal Díaz del Castillo is a "hero" in Mexico, a hero who has chronicled the most universal achievement of the country and who appears in textbooks.

For all this Duverger admits the difficulty that in Mexico and the rest of the world, a character mythologized for 400 years, suddenly vanishes to give way to another character considered bloodthirsty.

Even so, Duverger does not despair, does not escape controversy, and affirms that: “It is difficult to banish ideas that have been present for four centuries and easy for new ones to be rejected, but with time and a great mental change, my theses will gradually take hold.”.

Almost graduated in Marketing from the Rey Juan Carlos University, a degree chosen by vocation as a good passionate about communication and a great addict to continuously analyze each commercial that is presented to me. Very perfectionist… very creative… and very, very restless. I live from the imagination, so I can bring different ideas and points of view. I love to draw and anything that deals with design, frustrated artist. Curious about everything ancient and a lover of Egyptology for as long as I can remember; Egypt marked on my skin. Although I am not a historian, Red Historia gives me the opportunity to share this passion and to make you feel the same concern that I feel.


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